Information about laws impacting adolescent health care access in California and nationally

Minor Consent and Confidentiality: A Compendium of State and Federal Laws

A compendium of the federal and state laws that may be relevant when minors wish to access certain types of sensitive health care and/or wish to access care based on their own consent, and related appendices that delve deeper into key topics. Updated June 2024.

Appendices

A. Glossary of Terms 

B. Overview of Consent and Confidentiality When Minors Seek Health Care 

 

C: Contraception, Abortion, and Pregnancy-Related Care for Minors: Consent and Confidentiality Considerations 

D: Sexually Transmitted Infections, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and HIV Care for Minors: Consent and Confidentiality Considerations 

E. Mental Health Care for Minors: Consent and Confidentiality Considerations 

F. Substance Use Care for Minors: Consent and Confidentiality Considerations 

 G. Gender Affirming Care for Minors: Consent and Confidentiality Considerations 

 

H. HIPAA Privacy Rule and Confidentiality Implications for Minors’ Health Information 

I. Title X Family Planning Program and Family Planning Services for Minors 

J. 42 CFR Part 2 and Confidentiality Implications for Substance Use Care for Minors 

K. FERPA and Confidentiality Implications for School-Based and School-Linked Health Care for Minors 

L. Confidentiality in Health Insurance Claims and Billing  

M. Electronic Health Information, the 21st Century Cures Act, and Confidentiality for Minor Patients 

 
N. State Law Table:  Minor Consent/Access Based on Status
O. State Law Table: Minor Consent/Access for Specific Services
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